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Although only about 22,000 Texas families, approximately one in four, owned slaves, and most slave-holders lived in the eastern part of the state, most Texans believed that slavery was vital for continued prosperity. The election of President Abraham Lincoln in November 1860 alarmed them. In a June 1858 speech Lincoln had stated, “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved. I do not expect the house to fall, but I do expect it will cease to be divided.”
At a state convention held in Austin in early 1861, delegates voted 166 to 8 to secede from the Union. (Some 70 percent of the delegates owned slaves.) Texans overwhelmingly approved the ordinance of secession, and in late March, Texas joined the Confederacy.
Who thinks: “TEXANS USED TO LURVE SLAVERY! We should put that on a license plate”?